The citrus longhorned beetle clhb, anoplophora chinenis forster, is a. Several beetles have all citrus species and their hybrids listed as hosts including the cucurbit beetle, diaprepes root weevil, fuller rose beetle, little leaf notcher, northern citrus root weevil, and southern citrus root weevil. Anoplophora chinensis black and white citrus longhorn. Citrus longhorned beetle for more multimedia, look at anoplophora chinensis on wikimedia commons. Anoplophora chinensis forster, the citrus longhorned. Citrus longhorned beetle found in the united states, university of florida pest alert. Michigan state universitys invasive species factsheets. Citrus longhorned beetle every year the washington state department of agricultures wsda pest program conducts a number of surveys detection programs. Cerambycidae, are polyphagous xylophages native to asia and are capable of killing healthy trees. Citrus longhorned beetle, anoplophora chinensis forster. The citrus longhorned beetle is a polyphagous pest attacking living trees of over 100 species. Citrus longhorn beetle is a quarantine pest for the european union which means that it is listed in the eu plant health directive 200029ec as a harmful organism whose introduction into all. The asian longhorned beetle anoplophora glabripennishas earned the title of pest both here and in its home country of china.
Federal orders are issued pursuant to the regulatory authority provided by the plant. Citrus longhorned beetle, anoplophora chinensis florida. The citrus longhorned beetle, anoplophora chinensis forster, is a polyphagous woodboring cerambycid beetle that is native to east asia. Anoplophora chinensis anolcnoverview eppo global database.
Considered a serious pest of citrus in china, the usda forest service rates this polyphagous feeder as a very high risk to successfully. Overview origin anoplophora chinensis, citrus longhorned beetle, is native to asia and occurs primarily in china, korea, and japan. Alb outbreaks began in china in the 1980s, following major reforestation programs that used albsusceptible tree species. Features in which the asian longhorned beetle alb and the citrus. United states department of agriculture, animal and plant health inspection service. Asian longhorned beetle umass extension umass amherst. Citrus nutria longhorned beetle gypsy moth wa invasives.
In recent years, the asian longhorned beetle anoplophora glabripennis and other woodboring beetles have been entering north america in solid wood packing material from asia. The asian longhorned beetle anoplophora glabripennis, native to china and korea, is a major pest of many hardwood trees, the glossy black adults are large, 1740 mm 0. In an attempt to eradicate these beetles, thousands of infested trees were removed. An eradication program was immediately implemented in washington and there have subsequently been no new infestation reports anonymous 2005. It is a native of china and was first detected in washington in 2001. Citrus longhorned beetle animal crossing wiki fandom. Citrus longhorned beetle national invasive species. Citrus longhorned beetle anoplophora chinensis citrus longhorned beetle anoplophora chinensis is an insect pest of hardwoods, fruit trees and woody ornamentals. The citrus longhorned beetle clhb is an exotic invasive pest from asia accidentally introduced into the u. Asian longhorned beetles can be differentiated from a. It is a pest of major concern for citrus growers in parts of china. Umd entomology bulletin citrus longhorned beetle 2009 pdf 500 kb university of maryland extension. Each female citrus longhorned beetle can make up to 200 eggs after mating, and each egg is separately deposited in tree bark. Department of agriculture plants for planting manual by recognizing 22 european union member states as being free from citrus longhorned beetle clb and asian longhorned beetle alb and removing them from the list of countries where clb and alb are present.
A closely related species, the asian longhorned beetle, anoplophora. Citrus longhorned beetle exotic pest threats university of. Native to china and korea, the beetles are approximately 1. Brown fir longhorned beetle found in artificial christmas trees january 14, 2005 specimens of the brown fir longhorned beetle callidiellum villosulum have been found in the real wood trunks of artificial christmas trees imported from china. Alb outbreaks began in china in the 1980s, following major reforestation programs that used. This beetle is a concern to lumber, nursery, tree fruit, landscaping, and tourism industries. Citrus longhorned beetle national invasive species information. The asian longhorned beetle, or alb, is an invasive woodboring insect that feeds on a variety of hardwoods including maple, birch, elm, ash, poplar, horse chestnut and willow, among others. Michigan, food host plants for this insect are present in urban landscapes, orchards, hardwood forests, and riparian habitats. Eeny357 citrus longhorned beetle, anoplophora chinensis forster insecta. Adults are most commonly seen on foliage, but larvae cause the most damage. Other signs include round holes on the trunk of a tree, exposed roots and sawdustlike frass or wood pulp around exit holes at the trees base. A species profile for citrus longhorned beetle clb, citrus root cerambycid, roughshouldered longhorned beetle.
We are notifying the public that we propose to update the u. Asian longhorned beetle may be confused with the banded alder beetle rosalla funebris, whitespotted sawyer beetle monochamus scutellatus, or oregon fir sawyer monochamus oregonensis in british columbia. Longhorned beetle pest rating proposals and final ratings. The citrus longhorned beetle is an exotic woodboring. Cerambycidae this photo guide is part of a diagnostic set isit.
Anoplophora chinensis plant pest factsheet plant health portal. Anoplophora chinensis, the citrus longhorned beetle, and. Longhorn beetles surveys in the eu european commission. During the summer months, there can be as many as 45,000. In tropical and subtropical conditions, one generation per year is common. This federal order fo revises and replaces the fo for two harmful plant pests, citrus longhorned beetle clb, anoplophora chinensis forster coleoptera. Hardwoods and geographic areas at risk in its native range the primary hosts of a. Usfs pacific northwester region success story citrus longhorned beetle. If it became established in california, acalolepta aesthetica could become a pest of crop trees, including citrus. Citrus longhorn beetle clb and for anoplophora glabripennis motschulsky asian longhorn beetle alb. Asian longhorned beetle control missouri department of. The citrus longhorned beetle clb, anoplophora chinensis forster, is a woodboring beetle native to eastern asia, where it is a major pest of citrus. An eradication program was immediately implemented in washington, and there have subsequently been no new infestation reports anonymous 2005. A species profile for citrus longhorned beetle clb, citrusroot cerambycid, roughshouldered longhorned beetle.
It is highly polyphagous and attacks many species of broadleaved trees. See individual fact sheets for more detailed information. The citrus longhorned beetle is not known to be a threat to any of these 15 most vulnerable species. Recognition of freedom from citrus longhorned beetle and. Department of agriculture plants for planting manual by recognizing 22 european union member states as being free from citrus longhorned beetle clb and asian longhorned beetle alb and removing them from the list of countries where.
Citrus longhorned beetle infestations are most likely to occur between may and july. The citrus longhorned beetle is an exotic woodboring insect that attacks various broadleaf trees and shrubs. No regional clb outbreaks have been reported in asia. While other borer pests usually attack unhealthy or dead plants, this pest will attack apparently healthy trees. History of discoveries and management of the citrus. Money citrus longhorned beetle himalayan blackberry dont let it loose.
Federal order da2018 may 09, 20 for the importation. Origin anoplophora chinensis, citrus longhorned beetle, is native to asia and occurs primarily in china, korea, and japan. The purpose of these surveys is to prevent the establishment and spread of nonnative insects that are a known environmental resources. Citrus longhorned beetle anoplophora chinensis canr. Identification of a maleproduced pheromone component of. The citrus longhorned beetle clhb, anoplophora chinenis forster, is a serious pest of citrus in china but did not occur in the u. Citrus is one of the trees reported to be attacked. The insect takes 1 2 years to complete its development. Pdf managing invasive populations of asian longhorned beetle. Asian longhorned beetle anoplophora glabripennis what is the asian longhorned beetle. If the asian longhorned beetle becomes established here, it has the potential to cause more damage than dutch. Washingtons tree slayer pdf has been removed since initial. According to observed evidence and degree day calculations, baker and.
Life cycle larvae are white, opaque, legless grubs typical of longhorned beetles. This beetle is a serious threat to hardwood trees and has no known natural predator in the united states. Clb is a beetle of asian origin that attacks many fruit trees and woody ornamentals, especially citrus. Great britain department environment food and rural affairs. Its broad host range plant species in at least 36 families and ability to infest and kill living trees make this species an important pest in its native range, and a potentially devastating invasive species in other parts of the world. The asian longhorned beetle alb, anoplophora glabripennis motschulsky, and citrus longhorned beetle clb, anoplophora chinensis forster coleoptera. The citrus longhorned beetle anoplophora chinensis is a longhorned beetle native to japan, china and korea, where it is considered a serious pest. The three exotic species are harmful insects to broadleaved plant species, and much attention is being paid to prevent further introductions and. Umd entomology bulletin, 2009 threat based on lessons learned with. Citrus longhorned beetle resources national invasive. Citrus longhorned beetle, anoplophora chinensis pest. Another invasive beetle, citrus longhorned beetle anoplophora chinensis, also from china, looks similar to asian longhorned beetle. Managing invasive populations of asian longhorned beetle. Attacks numerous species of hardwood trees including citrus spp.
Expanding international trade, especially of bonsais and nursery trees imported from eastern asia, has led to introduction of clb beyond its native range, especially in. Managing invasive populations of asian longhorned beetle and. After the beetle larvae hatches, it chews into the tree, forming a tunnel that is then used as a place for beetle. This could result in lower yield and increased production costs for citrus, and there could also be a loss of markets. Its primary hosts include, limelemonorangestangor citrus, trifoliate orange poncirus trifoliata, apple. This document is eeny357, one of a series of featured creatures from the entomology and nematology department, ufifas extension. Pdf the asian longhorned beetle alb, anoplophora glabripennis motschulsky, and citrus longhorned beetle clb, anoplophora chinensis forster. The citrus longhorn beetle, anoplophora chinensis forster, is a nonnative pest that is extremely damaging to a wide range of broadleaved trees and shrubs.99 640 189 1525 455 907 65 826 486 25 347 755 1158 1539 842 1033 888 105 1500 350 855 1249 1368 832 239 401 432 1387 1210 446 675 367 24 665 865 641 222 27 874 265